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Pre-reading skills are the skills your child needs in their arsenal before they learn to read. These are things we follow at Day Care Escondido to ease the stress and difficulty of learning to read when they begin formal education. Helping develop pre-reading skills is one of the best things parents can do to prepare their children for reading.
Make print visible to your child. Even if it is a grocery list, recipe, or E-mail, show that you also enjoy reading. Read with your child every day with a natural but cheerful voice. Allow your child to choose his books from the library or book basket. Please help your child find books that are of an exciting topic to her. Allow them to handle books and help your child recognize which way to hold a book and turn pages. Point to words as they read. This will be a good pre reading activity for skill development.
In this sense, vocabulary means knowing the names of things and connecting them to objects, feelings, or ideas. Sometimes this is referred to a child’s oral language skills.
It’s the connection piece here that is so important. There is no need to use gimmicky flashcard programs. The same claims for building vocabulary can be achieved in straightforward ways. Read them non-fiction books full of pictures. Use words with a good speech when you speak to your child. If you use a “big word,” explain what it means. Explain unfamiliar terms while reading.
Phonological awareness can often be confused with phonics, which is the letter sounds’ pairing to their written symbols. Phonological awareness is a specialized type of listening skill that is necessary for children to learn to read. Being able to identify and play with these word parts is essential for future success with phonics. Starting around age 3 or 4, your child will begin to show increasing skill at playing with words by changing sounds or syllables.
Buy an inexpensive second copy of your child’s favorite picture book (you can usually find one at a thrift store) and separate the pages from the binding. Have your child recreate the story from memory by putting the pages in order. If you think he’s up to the challenge, you may even want to cut the illustrations’ text (if the book’s design allows this). Then see if he can match the text with the pictures. He may not be able to read the words, but if you’ve read the book together enough times, he may recognize the words’ look for each page.
Though you can buy sequencing cards, it’s just as easy to print sets of them yourself (your child can practice cutting them, too). Each card has a picture, and when placed in the correct order, the pictures tell a story. You can find sequencing cards to go along with popular picture books or make a set that tells a story familiar to your child. Once your child sequences the cards, ask to hear the story that goes with them. It may not always be what you expect, but it’s fun to see what your child comes up with.